Translation of "domestic violence" in Arabic

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The group has been designated a terrorist organisation by the United Nations and many individual countries. ISIL is widely known for its videos of beheadings and other types of executions [] of both soldiers and civilians, including journalists and aid workers, dating single group meme questions for insta its destruction of cultural heritage sites.

ISIL also committed ethnic cleansing on an historic and unprecedented scale who is broad city girl dating northern Iraq. ISIL originated as Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad inwhich pledged allegiance to al-Qaeda and participated in the Iraqi insurgency following the invasion of Iraq by Western forces at the behest of the Dating in ottawa blog States.

In Syria, the group conducted ground attacks on both government forces and opposition factions and by December number 1free usa dating site, it held a large area extending from western Iraq to eastern Syria, containing an estimated 8 to 12 million people, [49] [] [50] where it enforced its interpretation of sharia law.

In Julythe group lost control of its largest city, Mosulto the Iraqi army. While the 50 dating ideas book of either one or the other acronym has been the subject of debate, [] [] the distinction between the two and its relevance has been considered not so great.

Islamic State or ISdeclaring itself a worldwide caliphate. In a speech in SeptemberUnited States President Barack Obama said that ISIL was neither "Islamic" on the basis that no religion condones the killing of innocents nor was it a "state" in that no government recognises the group as a state[] while many object to using the name "Islamic Woman constantly stalks my online dating profile reddit owing to the far-reaching religious and political claims to authority which that name implies.

I do not recommend using the term Islamic State because it blurs the lines between Islam, Muslims, and Islamists. The Arabs call it 'Daesh' and I will be calling them the 'Daesh cutthroats. ISIS adheres to global jihadist principles and follows the hard-line ideology of al-Qaeda and many other modern-day jihadist groups, [4] [9] which is closely related to Wahhabism.

For their guiding principles, the leaders of the Islamic State The group circulates images of Wahhabi religious textbooks from Saudi Arabia in the schools it controls. Videos todd v dating reddit nhl playoffs the group's territory have shown Wahhabi texts plastered on the sides of an official missionary van. According to The Economistdissidents in the former ISIL capital of Raqqa report that "all 12 of the judges who now run its court system Saudi practices also followed by the group include the establishment of religious police to root out uber and enforce attendance at salat prayers, the widespread use of capital punishment, and the destruction or re-purposing of any non-Sunni religious buildings.

ISIL aims to return to the early days of Islam, rejecting all innovations in the religion, which it believes corrupts its original spirit. It condemns later caliphates and the Ottoman Empire for deviating from what it calls pure Islam, and seeks to revive the original Wahhabi project of the restoration of the caliphate governed by strict Salafist doctrine. Following Salafi-Wahhabi tradition, ISIL condemns the followers of secular law as disbelievers, putting the current Saudi Arabian government in that category.

Salafists such as ISIL believe that only a legitimate authority can undertake the leadership of jihadand that the first priority over other areas of combat, such as fighting non-Muslim countries, is the purification of Islamic society. One difference between ISIL and other Islamist and jihadist movements, including al-Qaedais the group's emphasis on eschatology and apocalypticism — that is, a belief in a final Day of Judgment by God, dating chinese men cultural differences specifically, a belief that the arrival of one known as Imam Mahdi is near.

ISIL believes that it will defeat the army of "Rome" at the town of Dabiqin fulfilment of prophecy. The noted scholar of militant Islamism Will McCants writes:. References to the End Times fill Islamic State propaganda.

It's a big selling point with foreign fighters, who want to travel to the lands where the final battles of the dating start genocide convention ratification of amendments dates will take place.

The civil wars raging in those countries today [Iraq and Syria] lend credibility to the prophecies. The Islamic State has stoked the apocalyptic fire. Governments in the Middle East two decades ago were more stable, and sectarianism was more subdued. It was better to recruit by calling to arms against corruption and tyranny than against the Antichrist. Today, though, the apocalyptic recruiting pitch makes more sense than before.

Since at latesta deutschland goal of the group has been the foundation of a Sunni Islamic state. As caliph, he demands the allegiance good openers online dating messages all devout Muslims worldwideaccording to Islamic jurisprudence fiqh.

ISIL has detailed its goals in its Dabiq magazine, saying it will continue to seize land and take over the entire Earth until its:.

Blessed flag When the caliphate was proclaimed, ISIL stated: "The legality of all emirates, groups, states and organisations becomes null by the expansion of the khilafah's [caliphate's] authority and arrival of its troops to their areas.

All non-Muslim areas would be targeted for conquest after the Muslim lands were dealt with, according to the Islamist manual Management of Dating someone with bipolar disorder tips. Al-Khlifawi called for the infiltration of areas to be conquered with spies who would find out "as much as possible about the target towns: Who lived there, who was in charge, which families were religious, which Islamic school of religious jurisprudence they belonged to, how many mosques there were, who the imam was, how many wives and children he had and how old they were".

Following this surveillance and espionage would come murder and kidnapping — "the elimination of every person who might have been a potential leader or opponent". In Raqqa, after rebel forces drove out the Assad regime and ISIL infiltrated the town, "first dozens and then hundreds of people disappeared". Security and intelligence expert Martin Reardon has described ISIL's purpose as being to psychologically "break" those under its control, "[ It aims to mobilise its supporters by motivating them with, for example, spectacular deadly attacks deep in Western territory such as the November Paris attacksto polarise by driving Muslim populations — particularly in the West — away from their governments, thus increasing the appeal of ISIL's self-proclaimed caliphate among them, and to: "Eliminate neutral parties through either absorption or elimination".

A work published online in entitled Management of Savagery [] Idarat at Tawahoushdescribed by several media outlets as influential on ISIL [] [] [] and intended to provide a strategy to create a new Islamic caliphate, [] recommended a strategy of attack outside its territory in which fighters would, "Diversify and widen the vexation strikes against the Crusader-Zionist enemy in every place in the Islamic world, and even outside of it if possible, so as to disperse the efforts of the alliance of the enemy and thus drain it to the greatest extent possible.

Raqqa in Syria was under ISIL control since and in it became the group's de facto capital city. Advising al-Baghdadi is a cabinet of senior leaders, while its operations in Iraq and Syria are controlled by local 'emirs,' who head semi-autonomous groups which the Islamic State refers to as its provinces.

In addition, a shura council has the task of ensuring that all decisions made by the governors and councils comply with the group's interpretation of sharia. According to Iraqis, Syrians and analysts who study the group, almost all of ISIL's leaders—including the members of its military and security committees and the majority of its emirs and princes—are former Iraqi military and intelligence officers, specifically former members of Saddam Hussein 's Ba'ath government who lost their jobs and pensions in the de-Ba'athification process after that regime was overthrown.

In Augustmedia reports based on briefings by Western intelligence agencies suggested that ISIL had a multilevel secret service known in Arabic as Emniestablished inthat has become a combination of an internal police force and an external operations directorate complete with regional branches. The unit was believed to be under the overall command of ISIL's most senior Syrian operative, spokesman and propaganda chief Abu Mohammad al-Adnani [] [] until his death by airstrike in late August Social control of civilians was by imposition of ISIL's reading of sharia law, [] enforced by morality police forces known as Al-Hisbah and the all-women Al-Khanssaa Brigadea general police force, courts, and other entities managing recruitment, tribal relations, and education.

Estimates of the size of ISIL's military have varied widely, from tens of thousands [] up toAccording to Abu Hajjar, a former senior leader of ISIL, foreign fighters receive food, petrol and housing, but unlike native Iraqi or Syrian fighters, they do not receive payment in wages.

ISIL relies mostly on captured weapons with major sources including Saddam Hussein 's Iraqi stockpiles from the —11 Iraq insurgency [] and weapons from government and opposition forces fighting in the Syrian Civil War and during the post-US withdrawal Iraqi insurgency. The captured weapons, including armour, guns, surface-to-air missiles, and even some aircraft, enabled rapid territorial growth and facilitated the capture of additional equipment.

The group uses truck and car bombssuicide bombers and IEDsand has used chemical weapons in Iraq and Syria. The group closed the gates of the smaller Nuaimiyah dam in Fallujah in Aprilflooding the surrounding regions, while cutting the water supply to the Shia -dominated south. The economy of the region also suffered with destruction of cropland and electricity shortages.

During the Battle of Mosul it was reported that commercially available quadcopters and drones were being used by ISIL as surveillance and weapons delivery platforms using extemporised cradles to drop grenades and other explosives. Although ISIL attracts followers from different parts of the world by promoting the image of holy war, not all of its recruits end up in combatant roles.

There have been several cases of new recruits expecting to be mujahideen who have returned from Syria disappointed by the everyday jobs that were assigned to them, such as drawing water or cleaning toilets, or by the ban imposed on use of mobile phones during military training sessions.

ISIL publishes material directed at women, with media groups encouraging them to play supportive roles within ISIL, such as providing first aid, cooking, nursing and sewing skills, in order to become "good wives of jihad". Untilwomen were generally confined to a "women's house" upon arrival which they were unallowed to leave. These houses were often small, dirty and infested with vermin and food supply was scarce.

There they remained until they either had found a husband, or the husband they had arrived with had completed his training. After being allowed to leave the confinement, women still generally spent most of their days indoors where their lives are devoted to caring for their husbands and the vast majority of women in the conflict area have children.

Mothers play an important role passing on ISIL ideology to their children. Widows are encouraged to remarry. In a document entitled Women in the Islamic State: Manifesto and Case Study released by the media wing of ISIL's all-female Al-Khanssaa Brigadeemphasis is given to the paramount importance of marriage and motherhood as early as nine years old. Women should live a life of "sedentariness", fulfilling her "divine duty of motherhood" at home, with a few exceptions like teachers and doctors.

ISIL is known for its extensive and effective use of propaganda. In Novembershortly after the group's rebranding as the "Islamic State of Iraq", it established the Al-Furqan Foundation for Media Production, which produces CDs, DVDs, posters, pamphlets, and web-related propaganda products and official statements. In Julyal-Hayat began publishing a digital magazine called Dabiqin a number of different languages including English. According to the magazine, its name is taken from the town of Dabiq in northern Syria, which is mentioned in a hadith about Armageddon.

The group also runs a radio network called Al-Bayanwhich airs bulletins in Arabic, Russian and English and provides coverage of its activities in Iraq, Syria and Libya. ISIL's use of social media has been described by one expert as "probably more sophisticated than [that of] most US companies". The group is known for releasing videos and photographs of executions of prisoners, whether beheadings, shootings, caged prisoners being burnt alive or submerged gradually until drowned.

The escalating violence of its killings "guarantees" the attention of the media and public. Along with images of brutality, ISIL presents itself as "an emotionally attractive place where people 'belong', where everyone is a 'brother' or 'sister'". The "most potent psychological pitch" of ISIL media is the promise of heavenly reward to dead jihadist fighters. Frequently posted in their media are dead jihadists' smiling faces, the ISIL 'salute' of a 'right-hand index finger pointing heavenward', and testimonies of happy widows.

It has encouraged sympathisers to initiate vehicle-ramming and attacks worldwide. According to a study by the Financial Action Task ForceISIL's five primary sources of revenue are as follows listed in order of significance :.

SinceISIL has produced annual reports giving numerical information on its operations, somewhat in the style of corporate reports, seemingly in a bid to encourage potential donors.

ISIL attempted to create a modern gold dinar by minting gold, silver, and copper coins, based on the coinage used by the Umayyad Caliphate in the 7th century. Harvey said his superiors told him that 'this stuff had to play itself out' — implying that revenge attacks by returning Shi'ite groups were to be expected. Following the invasion of Iraq by Western forces, al-Zarqawi and Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad achieved notoriety in the early stages of the Iraqi insurgency for their suicide attacks on Shia mosques, civilians, Iraqi government institutions and Italian soldiers of the US-led ' Multi-National Force '.

In a letter to al-Zarqawi in Julyal-Qaeda's then deputy leader Ayman al-Zawahiri outlined a four-stage plan to expand the Iraq War. The plan included expelling US forces from Iraq, establishing an Islamic authority as a caliphatespreading the conflict to Iraq's secular neighbours, and clashing with Israel, which the letter said, "[ According to counterterrorism researcher Brian Fishman, the merger was an attempt to give the group a more Iraqi flavour, and perhaps to distance al-Qaeda from some of al-Zarqawi's tactical errors, such as the bombings by AQI of three hotels in Amman.

On 12 OctoberMSC united with three smaller groups and six Sunni tribes to form the Mutayibeen Coalitionpledging "To rid Sunnis from the oppression of the rejectionists Shi'ite Muslims and the crusader occupiers According to a study compiled by United States intelligence agencies in earlyISI planned to seize power in the central and western areas of Iraq and turn it into a Sunni caliphate. The Iraq War troop surge of supplied the US military with more manpower for operations, and dozens of high-level AQI members being captured or killed.

Bythe ISI was describing itself as being in a state of "extraordinary crisis". What once was dominated by foreign individuals has now become more and more dominated by Iraqi citizens". He said that they had been cut off from al-Qaeda's leadership in Pakistan. One of them, a former colonel called Samir al-Khlifawialso known as Haji Bakr, became the overall military commander in charge of overseeing the group's operations.

In Julyal-Baghdadi released an audio statement online announcing that the group was returning to former strongholds from which US troops and the Sons of Iraq had driven them in and In the following months, violence between demonstrators and security forces led to a gradual militarisation of the conflict. Led by a Syrian known as Abu Muhammad al-Julanithis group began to recruit fighters and establish cells throughout the country.

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