Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Supply & Sewerage Board - Online Bill Payment.pdf
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Established in best Muhammad Quli Qutb ShahHyderabad remained under the rule of the Qutb Shahi dynasty for nearly a century before the Mughals captured the region.
InMughal viceroy Asif Jah I declared his sovereignty and created his own dynasty, known as the Nizams of Hyderabad. The Nizam's dominions became a princely state during the British Rajand remained so for yearswith the city serving as its capital. The city continued as the capital of Hyderabad State after it was brought into the Indian Union inand became the capital of Andhra Pradesh after the States Reorganisation Act, SinceRashtrapati Nilayam in the city has been the winter office of the President of India.
Inthe newly formed state of Telangana split from Andhra Pradesh and the city became the joint capital of the two states, a transitional arrangement scheduled to end by Golconda fort is another major landmark.
The influence of Mughlai culture is evident in the region's distinctive cuisinewhich includes Hyderabadi biryani and Hyderabadi haleem. The Qutb Shahis and Nizams established Hyderabad as a cultural hub, attracting men of letters from different parts of the world. Hyderabad emerged as the foremost centre of culture in India with the decline of the Mughal Empire in the midth century, with artists short dating bio examples to the city from the rest of the Indian subcontinent.
The Dating video gana tamil song 2019 download film industry based in the city is the country's second-largest producer of motion pictures. Hyderabad was historically known as a pearl and diamond trading centre, and it continues to craigslist alb women seeking men known as the "City of Pearls".
Special economic zones dedicated to information technology have encouraged companies from India and around the world to set up operations in Hyderabad. The emergence of pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries in the s led to the area's naming as India's " Dating bakugou katsuki imagines dragons believer imagine Valley ".
She converted to Islam and adopted the title Speed dating vkook bts hd background Mahal. The city was named as Hyderabad in her honour. According to German traveller Heinrich von Poserwhose travelogue of the Deccan was translated by Gita Dharampal-Frick of Heidelberg Universitythere were two names for the city: "On 3 Decemberwe reached the city of Bagneger or Hederabat, the seat of the king Sultan Mehemet Culi Cuttub Shah and the capital of the kingdom".
The Kakatiya dynasty was reduced to a vassal of the Khalji dynasty in after why are dating sites not used for dating defeat by Sultan Alauddin Khalji of the Delhi Sultanate. This lasted untilwhen the Kakatiya dynasty was annexed by Malik KafurAllaudin Khalji's general. The Hyderabad area was under the control of the Musunuri Nayaks at this time, who, however, badoo dating serbian mental institutions in michigan forced to cede it to the Bahmani Sultanate in The Bahmani kings ruled the region until and were the first independent Muslim rulers of the Deccan.
Sultan Qulia governor of Golkonda, revolted against the Bahmani Sultanate and established the Qutb Shahi dynasty in dating  he rebuilt the mud-fort of Golconda armneian dating site los angeles named the city "Muhammad nagar".
The accession of Asif Jah IIwho reigned from toended the instability. In he signed the treaty of Machilipatnamsurrendering the coastal region to the Unicorn India Company in return for a fixed best christian dating site for marriage rent. In Hyderabad city became the formal capital of free american dating chat apps Nizams.
Until there were no modern industries in Hyderabad. With the introduction of railways in the s, four factories were built to the south and east of Hussain Sagar Lake and during the early 20th century, Hyderabad was transformed into a modern city with the establishment of transport services, underground drainage, running water, electricitytelecommunications, universities, industries, and Begumpet Airport.
The Nizams ruled their princely state from Hyderabad during the British Raj. After India gained independencethe Nizam declared his speed to remain independent rather than become part of the Indian Union. Between andthe Communist Party of India fomented the Telangana uprising against the feudal lords of the Telangana region.
Ambedkarthen chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Indian Constitution dating trailer park girls meme hbo boxing, proposed designating the city of Hyderabad as the second capital of India because of its amenities and strategic central location. On 1 November meaning states of India were reorganised by language.
Hyderabad state was split into three parts, which were merged with neighbouring states to form the modern states of MaharashtraKarnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
The nine Telugu - and Urdu -speaking districts of Hyderabad State in the Telangana region were merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State to create Andhra Pradesh,    with Hyderabad as its capital. Several protests, known collectively as the Telangana movementattempted to invalidate the merger and demanded the creation of a new Telangana state.
Major actions took place in andand a third began in On 3 October the Union Cabinet approved the proposal,  and in February both houses of Parliament passed the Telangana Bill. With the final assent of the President of India, Telangana state was formed on 2 June Examples include artificial lakes created by dams on the Musi, such as Hussain Sagar built in near the city centreOsman Sagar and Himayat Sagar.
Heavy rain from the south-west summer monsoon falls between June and September,  supplying Hyderabad with most of its mean annual rainfall. The highest temperature ever recorded was Hyderabad's lakes and the sloping terrain of its low-lying hills provide habitat for an assortment of flora and fauna. As of [update]the tree cover is 1. Nehru Zoological Parkthe city's one large zoo, is the first in India to have a lion and tiger safari park. According to the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, part 2 Section 5:  " 1 On and from the appointed day, Hyderabad in the existing State of Andhra Pradeshshall be the common capital of the State of Telangana and the State of Andhra Pradesh for such period not exceeding ten years.
The same sections also define that the common capital includes the existing area designated as the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation under the Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act, The corporators elect the Mayor, who is the titular head of GHMC; executive powers rest with the Municipal Commissioner, appointed by the state government.
The GHMC carries out the city's infrastructural work such as building and maintenance of roads and drains, town planning including construction regulation, maintenance of municipal markets and parks, solid waste management, the issuing of birth and death certificates, the issuing of trade licences, collection of property tax, and community welfare services such as mother and child healthcare, and pre-school and non-formal education. Law and order in Hyderabad city is supervised by the governor of Telangana.
Each zone is headed by a deputy commissioner. As the seat of the government of TelanganaHyderabad is home to the state's legislaturesecretariat and high courtas well as various local government agencies.
The HMWSSB regulates rainwater harvestingsewerage services and water supply, which is sourced from several dams located in the suburbs. The Commissionerate of Health and Family Welfare is responsible for planning, implementation and monitoring of all facilities related to health and preventive services. In the National Family Health Survey, it was reported that the city's total fertility rate is 1. Hyderabad is home to a unique dialect of Urdu called Hyderabadi Urduwhich is a type of Dakhiniand is the mother tongue of most Hyderabadi Muslimsa unique community who owe much of their history, language, cuisine, and culture to Hyderabad, and the various dynasties who previously ruled.
Hadhrami ArabsAfrican ArabsArmeniansAbyssiniansIraniansPathans and Turkish people are also present; these communities, of which the Hadhrami are the largest, declined after Hyderabad State became part of the Indian Union, as they lost the patronage of the Nizams.
Telugu and Urdu are both official languages of the city, and most Hyderabadis are bilingual. Hindus are in the majority. Muslims form a very large minority, and are present throughout the city and predominate in and around the Old City.
There are also Christian, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist and Parsi communities and iconic templesmosques and churches can be seen. A third of the slums have basic service connections, and the remainder depend on general public services provided by the government.
There are government schools, government aided schools, private schools and community halls in the slum areas. About 3. The largest employers of child labour are street shops and construction sites. The historic city established by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah on the southern side of the Musi River forms the " Old City ", while the "New City" encompasses the urbanised area on the northern banks. The two are connected by many bridges across the river, the oldest of which is Purana Pul "old bridge".
The northeast end is dotted with residential areas. The "Cyberabad" area in the southwest and west of the city has grown rapidly since the s. Heritage buildings constructed during the Qutb Shahi and Nizam eras showcase Indo-Islamic architecture influenced by MedievalMughal and European styles. Qutb Shahi architecture of the 16th and early 17th centuries followed classical Persian architecture featuring domes and colossal arches.
Most of the historical bazaars that still exist were constructed on the street north of Charminar towards the fort. Among the oldest surviving examples of Nizam architecture in Hyderabad is the Chowmahalla Palace, which was the seat of royal power.
It showcases a diverse array of architectural styles, from the Baroque Harem to its Neoclassical royal court. Hyderabad's role in the pearl trade has given it the name " City of Pearls " and up until the 18th century, the city was the only global trading centre for Diamonds known as Golconda Diamonds.
Hyderabad's commercial markets are divided into four sectors: central business districts,  sub-central business centres, neighbourhood business centres and local business centres.
The establishment of Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited IDPLa public sector undertaking, in was followed over the decades by many national and global companies opening manufacturing and research facilities in the city.
Those involved in the informal economy constitute a major portion of urban poor. Hyderabad emerged as the foremost centre of culture in India with the decline of the Mughal Empire. After the fall of Delhi inthe migration of performing artists to the city particularly from the north and west of the Indian sub continentunder the patronage of the Nizam, enriched the cultural milieu.
Traditional Hyderabadi garb reveals a mix of Muslim and South Asian influences with men wearing sherwani and kurta — paijama and women wearing khara dupatta and salwar kameez. In the past, Qutb Shahi rulers and Nizams attracted artists, architects and men of letters from different parts of the world through patronage. The resulting ethnic mix popularised cultural events such as mushairas poetic symposia. Literary development is further aided by state institutions such as the State Central Library, the largest public library in the state which was established in and other major libraries including the Sri Krishna Devaraya Andhra Bhasha Nilayamthe British Library and the Sundarayya Vignana Kendram.
South Indian music and dances such as the Kuchipudi and Bharatanatyam styles are popular in the Deccan region. As a result of their culture policies, North Indian music and dance gained popularity during the rule of the Mughals and Nizams,  and it was also during their reign that it became a tradition among the nobility to associate themselves with tawaif courtesans.
These courtesans were revered as the epitome of etiquette and culture, and were appointed to teach singing, poetry and classical dance to many children of the aristocracy. Besides western and Indian popular music genres such as filmi music, the residents of Hyderabad play city-based marfa musicdholak ke geet household songs based on local folkloreand qawwaliespecially at weddings, festivals and other celebratory events.
Although the city is not particularly noted for theatre and drama,  the state government promotes theatre with multiple programmes and festivals   in such venues as the Ravindra BharatiShilpakala Vedika and Lalithakala Thoranam. Although not a purely music oriented event, Numaisha popular annual exhibition of local and national consumer products, does feature some musical performances.
The city is home to the Telugu film industry, popularly known as Tollywood  and as of [update]produces the second largest number of films in India behind Bollywood. The region is well known for its Golconda and Hyderabad painting styles which are branches of Deccani painting. A significant use of luminous gold and white colours is generally found in the Golconda style. Highly influenced by Mughal paintingthis style makes use of bright colours and mostly depicts regional landscape, culture, costumes and jewellery.
Although not a centre for handicrafts itself, the patronage of the arts by the Mughals and Nizams attracted artisans from the region to Hyderabad. Such crafts include: Bidriwarea metalwork handicraft from neighbouring Karnatakawhich was popularised during the 18th century and has since been granted a Geographical Indication GI tag under the auspices of the WTO act;   and Zari and Zardoziembroidery works on textile that involve making elaborate designs using gold, silver and other metal threads.
This craft is distinguished in having both a Hindu style, known as Srikalahasti and entirely done by hand, and an Islamic style, known as Machilipatnam that uses both hand and block techniques. Hyderabadi cuisine comprises a broad repertoire of rice, wheat and meat dishes and the skilled use of various spices.
One of Hyderabad's earliest newspapers, The Deccan Timeswas established in the s. Deccan Radio was the first radio public broadcast station in the city starting on 3 February with FM broadcasting beginning in
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Established in by Muhammad Quli Qutb ShahHyderabad remained under the rule of the Qutb Shahi dynasty dating for dummies relationships advice relationship issues nearly a century before the Mughals captured the region. InMughal viceroy Asif Jah I declared his sovereignty and created his own dynasty, known as the Nizams of Hyderabad. The Nizam's dominions became a princely state during the British Rajand remained so for yearswith the city serving as its capital. The city continued as the capital of Hyderabad State after it was brought into the Indian Union inand became the capital of Andhra Pradesh after the States Reorganisation Act, SinceRashtrapati Nilayam in the city has been the winter office of the President of India. Inthe newly formed state of Telangana split from Andhra Pradesh and the city became the joint capital of the two states, a transitional arrangement scheduled to end by Golconda fort is another major landmark. The influence of Mughlai culture is evident in the region's distinctive cuisinewhich includes Hyderabadi biryani and Hyderabadi haleem. The Qutb Shahis and Nizams established Hyderabad as a cultural hub, attracting men of letters from different parts of the world.
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Rapid improvements are being made in augmenting drinking water supply and sanitation in India , due to concerted efforts by the various levels of government and communities at improving coverage. The level of investment in water and sanitation , albeit low by international standards, has increased in size during the s. India comes in first place globally for having the greatest number of urban-dwelling inhabitants living without sanitation. India tops the urban sanitation crisis, has the largest amount of urban dwellers without sanitation, and the most open defecators urban with over 5 million people. A number of innovative approaches to improve water supply and sanitation have been tested in India, in particular in the early s. These include demand-driven approaches in rural water supply since , community-led total sanitation , a public-private partnerships to improve the continuity of urban water supply in Karnataka, and the use of micro credits for water supply and sanitation in order to improve access to water and sanitation. The term "at least basic water" is a new [update] term since , and is related to the previously used " improved water source ".